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Hello! Can someone who is *REALLY* good at explaining things tell me some clever ways to see and conceptually recognize the difference between Helmholtz free energy and Gibbs free energy. I’m looking for more of a conceptual answer, but I don’t mind if you want to throw in some equations. Thank you!
Best reply by Asphyx Sapphire:
Helmholtz Free Energy measures the useful work obtainable from a closed thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and volume.For such a system, the negative of the difference in the Helmholtz energy is equal to the maximum amount of work extractable from a thermodynamic process in which temperature and volume are held constant
F = U – TS (F= Helmholtz free energy; U= Internal Energy; T= Abs Temp; S= Final entropy)
Gibss Free Energy is a thermodynamic potential that measures the useful work obtainable from a thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and pressure.The Gibbs free energy is the maximum amount of non-expansion work that can be extracted from a closed system; this maximum can be attained only in a completely reversible process.
G= U – TS + PV (P= Abs Pressure; V= Final Volume)
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What is Helmholtz free energy and Gibbs free energy?